All About the Orchid Corn Snake: Characteristics, Care, and Breeding

Orchid corn snake

What is an Orchid Corn Snake?

An orchid corn snake is a specific color variety of corn snake that features a stunning combination of pale lavender and pinkish tones. This unique coloration gives the snake an appearance similar to that of an orchid flower, hence the name. The orchid corn snake is highly sought after by reptile enthusiasts for its beautiful and eye-catching aesthetic.

The orchid corn snake’s beauty is not only limited to its coloration. They also have the same physical characteristics as other corn snake varieties. They typically reach a length of 3-5 feet, have slender bodies, and feature distinctive patterns of black or dark brown patches on a lighter background. These patterns may vary from snake to snake, adding to their individuality.

Physical Characteristics of Orchid Corn Snakes

The orchid corn snake is a beautiful and unique reptile known for its vibrant colors and patterns. This particular snake gets its name from its resemblance to the orchid flower, with its pale lavender and pink hues. The snake’s body is covered in scales that are smooth and glossy, giving it a sleek appearance.

The orchid corn snake typically grows to be around 4 to 5 feet in length, making it a medium-sized snake. It has a slender body with a triangular-shaped head and round eyes. The snake’s eyes are usually a bright red or orange color, which adds to its striking appearance.

One of the most distinctive features of the orchid corn snake is its patterns. It has a base color of pale lavender or pink, with darker purple or lavender blotches and speckles all along its body. These patterns create a unique and eye-catching design that sets this snake apart from other corn snake morphs.

The orchid corn snake also has a dorsal stripe that runs the length of its body, which is usually a darker shade of lavender or purple. This stripe adds to the overall beauty of the snake and helps to accentuate its unique coloration.

Another interesting characteristic of the orchid corn snake is its belly, which is usually a creamy white or light yellow color. This contrast between the belly and the vibrant colors on the rest of the snake’s body adds to its visual appeal and makes it an attractive choice for snake enthusiasts.

Sizing and Weight

As mentioned earlier, orchid corn snakes typically reach a length of about 4 to 5 feet when fully grown. However, there can be some variation in size depending on factors such as genetics and diet. Males generally tend to be smaller than females.

In terms of weight, adult orchid corn snakes usually weigh between 300 to 600 grams. Again, this can vary depending on the individual snake and its overall health and diet.



With proper care and maintenance, orchid corn snakes can live for about 15 to 20 years in captivity. This lifespan can be extended even further with the right diet, habitat, and regular veterinary check-ups.

Distinguishing Features Description
Coloration Pale lavender or pink body with darker purple or lavender blotches and speckles
Body Shape Slender body with a triangular-shaped head
Eye Color Bright red or orange
Dorsal Stripe A darker shade of lavender or purple running the length of the body
Belly Color Creamy white or light yellow

The physical characteristics of the orchid corn snake make it a visually stunning and unique reptile. Whether you are considering adding one of these snakes to your collection or simply appreciate their beauty, the orchid corn snake is sure to captivate with its striking colors and patterns.

Habitat and Environment

These snakes thrive in a variety of environments, including forests, grasslands, and even suburban areas. They are particularly adaptable and can be found in both urban and rural settings. The Orchid Corn Snake prefers habitats with moderate temperatures, high humidity levels, and access to water sources such as creeks or ponds.

Habitat Requirements

The temperature in the snake’s habitat should be kept between 75-85°F (24-29°C) during the day, with a slight drop to around 70-75°F (21-24°C) at night. This temperature gradient allows the snake to thermoregulate by moving between warmer and cooler areas of the enclosure.

Humidity levels should be maintained at around 40-60%, with occasional spikes to 70% during shedding periods. This can be achieved by misting the enclosure with water or using a reptile-specific humidifier.

Enclosure Setup

The size of the enclosure depends on the age and size of the snake. For hatchlings and juveniles, a 20-gallon terrarium is typically sufficient, while adults will require a 40-gallon or larger enclosure. The enclosure should be escape-proof and have a secure lid to prevent the snake from getting out.

Overall, creating a suitable habitat for an Orchid Corn Snake involves providing a comfortable temperature gradient, maintaining proper humidity levels, and offering a variety of hiding spots and substrate options. By replicating their natural environment, you can ensure that your snake thrives in captivity.

Feeding and Diet

The corn snake is a species of non-venomous snake that is predominantly found in the eastern and central United States. In the wild, they primarily feed on small mammals, birds, and reptiles. However, in captivity, their diet can be easily maintained with frozen-thawed rodents.

Feeding frequency varies depending on the age and size of the snake. Young snakes usually eat every 5-7 days, while adult snakes may eat every 7-10 days. It is essential to monitor the weight and body condition of the snake to ensure it is receiving the proper amount of food.

It is highly recommended to feed captive corn snakes pre-killed, frozen-thawed rodents instead of live prey. This is to prevent any injury to the snake and to avoid any potential complications that may arise from live feeding. Live feeding can also increase the risk of the snake developing aggression or refusal to eat non-live prey in the future.

Care and Maintenance

Proper care and maintenance are essential for keeping your orchid corn snake healthy and happy. Here are some important tips to follow:


Provide a spacious enclosure for your corn snake, preferably a glass tank with a secure lid. The size of the tank should be appropriate for the snake’s size and should allow for easy movement and exploration. Make sure to include hiding spots, branches, and other decorations to create a stimulating environment.

Temperature and Humidity

Orchid corn snakes require a temperature gradient in their enclosure. The warm side should be between 85-90°F (29-32°C), while the cool side should be around 75-80°F (24-27°C). Use a quality heat mat or heat lamp to achieve and maintain the desired temperatures. The humidity level should be kept around 50-60% to ensure proper shedding.



Regularly clean and disinfect your snake’s enclosure to maintain a hygienic environment. Remove any feces, shed skin, and uneaten food promptly. Replace substrate regularly and clean water bowls and decorations as needed. This will help prevent the growth of bacteria and reduce the risk of health issues.

Veterinary Care

By following these care and maintenance guidelines, you can provide a healthy and thriving environment for your orchid corn snake. Remember, proper care leads to a happy and long life for your snake!

Common Health Issues of Orchid Corn Snakes

Digestive issues can also be a concern for orchid corn snakes. Snakes rely on their digestive systems to properly process and break down their food. If a snake’s digestive system is not functioning properly, it can lead to issues such as regurgitation or constipation. These issues may be caused by factors such as improper feeding, stress, or a lack of proper temperature and humidity levels in the enclosure. Owners should ensure that their snake is being fed an appropriate diet, housed in the correct enclosure conditions, and provided with a stress-free environment to prevent digestive issues.

Handling and Temperament of Corn Snakes

Corn snakes have a tendency to explore their surroundings and may enjoy slithering around a safe, controlled environment. This could be achieved by creating an enclosed space for them to explore, such as a snake-proofed room or a snake-safe outdoor area.

Reproduction and Breeding of Orchid Corn Snakes

Breeding Age and Size:

Mating Process:

Egg Laying:

After successful mating, the female will typically lay her eggs about two to three weeks later. It is essential to provide her with a suitable egg-laying site, such as a nesting box filled with damp substrate. The female will lay a clutch of about 10 to 30 eggs, depending on her size and health.


The eggs should be carefully removed from the nesting box and placed in an incubator set to the appropriate temperature and humidity levels. The incubation period for orchid corn snake eggs is typically around 55 to 60 days. During this time, it is crucial to regularly check the eggs for any signs of mold or deformities.

Hatching and Care of Hatchlings:


Popular Varieties and Morphs of Orchid Corn Snakes

The orchid corn snake, with its unique and stunning coloration, has become a favorite among snake enthusiasts. Over the years, breeders have created various morphs and color variations of the orchid corn snake, resulting in a wide array of options for snake lovers.

One of the popular varieties is the Lavender Orchid corn snake. This morph displays a beautiful lavender shade with vibrant purple undertones. Its scales have a glossy appearance, giving the snake an almost ethereal quality.

Another sought-after variety is the Ghost Orchid corn snake. This morph features a pale yellow or cream base color with dark, smoky grey patterns and stripes. The combination of colors creates a ghostly and mysterious appearance, which makes it a stunning addition to any collection.

The Butter Orchid corn snake is another popular morph. It showcases a pale yellow or cream coloration with vibrant orange patterns and stripes. The contrast between the light and dark colors gives it a unique and eye-catching appeal.

The Pewter Orchid corn snake is another highly desired morph for its distinct coloration. It has a light grey or silver base color with dark grey or black patterns and stripes. The blending of the colors creates a metallic appearance, making it a striking and visually appealing choice.

The Coral Orchid corn snake is another favorite among snake enthusiasts. This morph exhibits a base color ranging from pale pink to bright coral, with darker pink or red patterns and stripes. It resembles the vibrant colors of coral reefs, making it a captivating addition to any collection.

In addition to these popular morphs, there are several other variations available, each with its own unique color combination and pattern. Some of the other notable morphs include the Hypo Orchid corn snake, the Anery Orchid corn snake, and the Caramel Orchid corn snake.

Variety Description
Lavender Orchid Beautiful lavender shade with vibrant purple undertones and glossy appearance.
Ghost Orchid Pale yellow or cream base color with dark, smoky grey patterns and stripes, creating a ghostly appearance.
Butter Orchid Pale yellow or cream coloration with vibrant orange patterns and stripes, providing a unique contrast.
Pewter Orchid Light grey or silver base color with dark grey or black patterns and stripes, creating a metallic look.
Coral Orchid Pale pink to bright coral base color with darker pink or red patterns and stripes, resembling coral reefs.
Hypo Orchid Reduced black pigmentation, resulting in lighter colors and patterns.
Anery Orchid Black and white or grey coloration, providing a unique contrast.
Caramel Orchid Ranging from light caramel to rich brown coloration.

These are just a few examples of the wide variety of orchid corn snake morphs available. Each morph has its own unique beauty, and choosing one is a matter of individual preference. Whether you prefer the ethereal lavender tones, the ghostly grey patterns, or the vibrant orange contrast, there is an orchid corn snake morph that will captivate you.