Blue Eyed Crested Dragon: A Guide to This Rare and Stunning Reptile

Blue eyed crested dragon

The Blue Eyed Crested Dragon is one of the most fascinating creatures of the reptile kingdom. Its name derives from its striking blue eyes and the majestic crest that adorns its head. This rare and stunning reptile is truly a sight to behold.

The Blue Eyed Crested Dragon is native to the lush rainforests of Southeast Asia, where it has captivated the imaginations of locals and travelers alike. Its vibrant blue eyes are truly mesmerizing, giving the dragon an almost mythical appearance. Its crest, which resembles a crown, adds to its regal allure. This combination of features makes the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon a sight that few will ever forget.

Despite its awe-inspiring beauty, the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon is a relatively elusive and secretive creature. It spends most of its time high up in the trees, camouflaging itself among the foliage. The dragon’s ability to blend in with its surroundings helps it to avoid detection by predators and humans alike. This makes it incredibly difficult to spot in the wild, adding to its allure and mystique.

Researchers and scientists have only recently begun to unravel the mysteries surrounding the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon. Its vibrant blue eyes have been the subject of much speculation and study. Some believe that the blue coloration may be the result of a unique pigment present in the dragon’s eyes, while others suggest that it may be a trick of the light. Whatever the case may be, there is no denying the beauty and intrigue of this rare and stunning reptile.

An Overview of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

The Blue Eyed Crested Dragon typically has a small to medium-sized body, reaching an average length of around 8 to 10 inches. Its body is covered in unique crested scales that extend down its back, giving it a distinctive and pronounced appearance. The scales come in various colors and patterns, ranging from vibrant oranges and yellows to earthy browns and greens.

In the wild, the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon primarily inhabits the rainforests and shrublands of New Caledonia. It is an arboreal species, meaning it spends the majority of its time in trees, where it can camouflage itself among the foliage and hunt for food. Despite its small size, it is an excellent climber and possesses strong limbs and a prehensile tail, which allow it to navigate through the treetops with ease.

Reproduction in the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon is a fascinating process. Males use a combination of vocalizations and territorial displays to attract a female mate. Once mated, the female will lay a clutch of 1 to 2 eggs, which will then be incubated for approximately 60 to 90 days. Like other reptiles, the gender of the offspring is determined by the temperature at which the eggs are incubated.

Appearance and Physical Characteristics of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

One of the most remarkable aspects of the blue eyed crested dragon is its vivid coloration. It has a base color that can range from a pale grey to a vibrant orange or red. Along its body, you will find contrasting patterns consisting of spots, bars, or stripes, which can be a mix of different colors such as red, brown, yellow, or black. These patterns help the crested dragon to blend in with its surroundings and provide camouflage.

Their eyes are another striking characteristic of these reptiles. They have large, round eyes with vertically elongated pupils, giving them a unique and captivating appearance. The eyes can range in color from bright blue to yellow or even red. This variation in eye coloration is one of the reasons why they are commonly referred to as blue eyed crested dragons.

The crested dragon has a slender body with soft, leathery skin. It has well-developed claws on its toes that aid in climbing and gripping onto surfaces. Additionally, they have specialized pads, referred to as lamellae, on their toes, which allow them to cling to vertical or even inverted surfaces, making them excellent climbers.

Another interesting feature of the blue eyed crested dragon is its tail. The tail is prehensile, meaning it can curl and grip onto objects. It serves various functions, such as balancing during climbing, storing fat reserves, and regenerating if it is accidentally dropped or bitten off as a defense mechanism.

The size of the blue eyed crested dragon varies depending on its age and sex. Adult males can grow up to 8-10 inches in length, while females tend to be slightly smaller, reaching lengths of 7-8 inches. Hatchlings are significantly smaller, usually measuring only 3-4 inches in length.


The blue eyed crested dragon is a visually stunning reptile with unique physical characteristics. From its distinctive crest to its captivating eye coloration, this gecko species is truly a sight to behold. Whether it’s their vibrant colors or their ability to climb walls, the crested dragon never fails to fascinate those who encounter it.

Habitat and Natural Distribution of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

The blue-eyed crested dragon is well adapted to its rainforest environment. Its coloration and physical characteristics allow it to blend in seamlessly with the lush green foliage surrounding it. The dragon’s body is covered in scales and its skin can range in color from various shades of green to brown, providing it with excellent camouflage.

These dragons are primarily arboreal, spending the majority of their time in the trees. They have long, slender bodies with strong limbs and sharp claws that enable them to climb and grip onto branches securely. Their prehensile tails also play a crucial role in their arboreal lifestyle, allowing them to maintain balance and navigate through the dense foliage.

The rainforests in which these dragons reside are characterized by high humidity and abundant rainfall. This type of environment provides them with the necessary moisture and water sources to survive. They are often found near streams and rivers, where they can drink and bask in the sunlight.

With their superb climbing abilities and natural habitat, these dragons have adapted to a life in the treetops. They are also known for their territorial nature, marking their territories with scent glands and engaging in territorial displays to discourage potential intruders.

Diet and Feeding Habits of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

1. Feeding Habits

The blue-eyed crested dragon is an omnivorous species that eats a variety of foods in the wild. It is primarily a ground-dwelling lizard, and its feeding habits reflect its natural environment. These dragons are opportunist feeders and will consume both plant matter and small invertebrates.

2. Natural Diet

In the wild, the blue-eyed crested dragon’s diet consists mainly of insects, such as crickets, mealworms, waxworms, and roaches. They also consume small spiders, snails, and other small invertebrates found in their habitat.

3. Captive Diet

When kept in captivity, it is essential to replicate the blue-eyed crested dragon’s natural diet as closely as possible. This includes providing a variety of live insects and invertebrates, along with fresh fruits and vegetables.

It’s recommended to offer a mixture of gut-loaded insects, meaning they have been fed with nutritious food before being fed to the dragon. This ensures that the reptile receives optimal nutrition. Some suitable gut-loading foods include carrots, leafy greens, and commercial insect diets.

Feeder insects should be dusted with calcium and vitamin supplements to prevent nutritional deficiencies in captive blue-eyed crested dragons.

4. Food Frequency

The blue-eyed crested dragon is a small lizard and doesn’t require large amounts of food. Juvenile dragons should be fed daily, while adult dragons can be fed every 2-3 days. The frequency of feeding can be adjusted based on the dragon’s appetite and activity level.

5. Water Requirements

Providing access to clean and fresh water is crucial for the well-being of blue-eyed crested dragons. They will drink water droplets off leaves and other surfaces in their habitat. In captivity, a shallow dish of clean water should be available at all times for the dragon to drink from and soak in if desired.

Overall, the diet and feeding habits of the blue-eyed crested dragon are diverse and include a mix of live insects, fruits, and vegetables. By providing a balanced diet and following proper feeding practices, these captivating reptiles can thrive and live a healthy life in both their natural habitat and in captivity.

Reproduction and Life Cycle of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

Mating and Egg Laying

The mating season for blue eyed crested dragons typically occurs during the warmer months, when the temperature and humidity levels are ideal. During this time, males display their vibrant blue coloration and use various courtship rituals to attract females. These rituals may include head bobbing, tail waving, and vocalizations.

Once a pair has formed a bond, mating takes place. The male blue eyed crested dragon uses a specialized structure called hemipenes to transfer sperm to the female. After successful mating, the female will start producing eggs within a few weeks.

Egg laying usually occurs 4 to 5 weeks after mating. Female blue eyed crested dragons lay their eggs in dark, secluded areas. They dig a nest in the substrate or use small crevices in their enclosure to deposit their eggs. Each clutch typically consists of 1 to 2 eggs, although larger clutches are possible.

Incubation and Hatching

The eggs of the blue eyed crested dragon have a soft, flexible shell and are usually white or cream in color. They need to be carefully removed from the enclosure and placed in an incubator for proper development. The temperature and humidity levels in the incubator must be closely monitored to ensure successful incubation.

The incubation period for blue eyed crested dragon eggs is around 60 to 80 days. During this time, the embryos inside the eggs undergo development and slowly start to grow. The conditions within the incubator need to be carefully controlled to mimic the natural environment and provide optimal conditions for the embryos.

When the eggs are ready to hatch, the baby blue eyed crested dragons use an egg tooth to break open the shell. This specialized tooth is located on the snout and allows them to cut through the shell. Once hatched, the babies may take several hours to fully emerge from the egg and start exploring their environment.

Growth and Development

Behavior and Social Structure of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

One of the most interesting aspects of the blue-eyed crested dragon’s behavior is their nocturnal nature. These geckos are most active during the night, using their large eyes equipped with excellent night vision to navigate their surroundings. During the day, they tend to hide and rest, seeking shelter in tree hollows or among leaves.

Despite being solitary creatures, blue-eyed crested dragons do exhibit some social behavior during the mating season. Males will vocalize and perform courtship displays to attract females. Once a successful mating has occurred, the female will lay eggs in a hidden location and leave them to hatch on their own.

Conservation Status and Threats to the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

Habitat Loss

Invasive Species

Another threat to the blue-eyed crested dragon is the introduction of invasive species to its habitat. These invasive species, such as rats and cats, prey upon the blue-eyed crested dragon and compete with it for food and resources. The presence of these invasive species can have a significant impact on the population of the blue-eyed crested dragon, leading to a decline in numbers.

Illegal Collection

The blue-eyed crested dragon is highly sought after in the pet trade, leading to illegal collection from the wild. This illegal activity not only reduces the wild population of the blue-eyed crested dragon but also disrupts natural breeding patterns and can lead to the spread of diseases among captive populations. It is crucial to promote responsible and sustainable captive breeding programs to reduce the demand for wild-caught specimens.

Climate Change

Climate change is another looming threat to the blue-eyed crested dragon. Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns can disrupt the delicate balance of the ecosystem in which these reptiles reside. This can negatively impact their food sources, breeding patterns, and overall survival. It is essential to raise awareness about the potential impacts of climate change and take action to mitigate its effects on the blue-eyed crested dragon and its habitat.

Overall, the conservation status of the blue-eyed crested dragon is a matter of concern. Efforts are being made by conservation organizations and reptile enthusiasts to protect this species and its habitat. These efforts include supporting conservation projects in New Caledonia, promoting captive breeding programs, and advocating for sustainable pet trade practices. By working together, we can ensure the survival of the blue-eyed crested dragon for future generations to admire and appreciate.

The Blue Eyed Crested Dragon in Captivity: Care and Husbandry


When setting up the habitat for a blue eyed crested dragon, it is essential to mimic their natural environment as closely as possible. A glass terrarium with a screen top is recommended, as it provides proper ventilation while maintaining optimal humidity levels. The tank should be spacious enough to allow the gecko to climb and explore, with plenty of branches or vines for them to move around on.

Temperature and Lighting

Blue eyed crested dragons are ectothermic creatures, which means that they rely on their environment to regulate their body temperature. The ideal temperature range for these reptiles is between 72 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, with a slight drop to 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night. To achieve this, a heat source such as an under-tank heater or heat lamp can be used.

Proper lighting is also crucial for blue eyed crested dragons. They require a UVB light source to stimulate the production of vitamin D3, which is essential for calcium absorption and overall bone health. It is recommended to use a UVB bulb specifically designed for reptiles, and to provide a 12-hour light cycle to mimic natural day and night patterns.

Diet and Feeding

Handling and Interaction

Cleaning and Hygiene

Regular cleaning and maintenance of the blue eyed crested dragon’s habitat is essential for their health and wellbeing. The enclosure should be spot cleaned daily to remove any waste or uneaten food, and a thorough cleaning should be done on a regular basis using a reptile-safe disinfectant. It is also important to provide clean, fresh water in a shallow dish for the gecko to drink from.

Common Health Issues and Diseases of the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

1. Respiratory Infections

Respiratory infections are one of the most common health issues that blue eyed crested dragons may face. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi and can result in symptoms such as wheezing, labored breathing, nasal discharge, and lethargy. A visit to a reptile veterinarian is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment.

2. Parasites

Parasites, such as mites and worms, can also affect blue eyed crested dragons. These parasites can cause a range of problems, including poor appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, and overall weakness. Routine fecal examinations and preventive measures, such as maintaining a clean enclosure, can help prevent parasite infestations.

3. Metabolic Bone Disease

Metabolic bone disease is a common health issue in captive reptiles, including blue eyed crested dragons. It is caused by a calcium and/or vitamin D deficiency, leading to skeletal abnormalities and weakened bones. Providing a proper diet that includes calcium supplementation and regular exposure to UVB lighting can help prevent this disease.

4. Skin Infections

Blue eyed crested dragons are prone to developing skin infections, especially if their enclosure is not kept clean and hygienic. Bacterial or fungal infections can manifest as redness, swelling, sores, or discharge on the skin. Keeping the enclosure clean and maintaining proper humidity levels can help prevent these infections.

5. Egg Binding

Female blue eyed crested dragons may experience egg binding, a condition where they are unable to lay their eggs. This can be a life-threatening situation, causing abdominal distension and discomfort. Providing a suitable nesting area with the proper substrate can help prevent egg binding.

6. Tail Loss

Being aware of these common health issues and diseases of the blue eyed crested dragon is essential for providing optimal care for these captivating reptiles. Regular vet check-ups, a well-balanced diet, proper environmental conditions, and good hygiene practices are key to maintaining the health and well-being of these beautiful creatures.

Legal Considerations for Owning a Blue Eyed Crested Dragon

Permits and Licenses

Some jurisdictions require permits or licenses for owning certain reptile species, including blue eyed crested dragons. These permits are typically issued by local or state wildlife agencies and may involve an application process, fees, and adherence to specific guidelines.

Transportation and Import Restrictions

Transporting or importing a blue eyed crested dragon may be subject to regulations to prevent the spread of invasive species or the mistreatment of animals during transit. It is essential to check the laws regarding the transportation and importation of reptiles to ensure compliance and avoid any legal issues.

Habitat and Enclosure Requirements

Exotic Animal Bans

It is essential to determine if your jurisdiction has any bans or restrictions on keeping exotic animals, including blue eyed crested dragons. Some areas prohibit the ownership of certain reptile species altogether, while others may have restrictions based on factors such as size, potential danger, or conservation status.

Educational Programs and Certifications

Veterinary Care

Ensuring the health and well-being of your blue eyed crested dragon is crucial. Familiarize yourself with local veterinary options that specialize in reptile care and ensure that they are legally permitted to treat and care for these types of animals. Additionally, be aware of any reporting requirements related to the health or potential diseases of your reptile.

Summary Detailed Information
Permits and Licenses Some jurisdictions require permits or licenses for owning certain reptile species, including blue eyed crested dragons.
Transportation and Import Restrictions Transporting or importing a blue eyed crested dragon may be subject to regulations to prevent the spread of invasive species or the mistreatment of animals during transit.
Habitat and Enclosure Requirements
Exotic Animal Bans Determine if your jurisdiction has any bans or restrictions on keeping exotic animals, including blue eyed crested dragons.
Educational Programs and Certifications Engaging in educational programs or obtaining certifications related to reptile care and husbandry can demonstrate responsible ownership.
Veterinary Care Ensure the health and well-being of your blue eyed crested dragon by seeking veterinary care from professionals who are legally permitted to treat these types of animals.

Breeding the Blue Eyed Crested Dragon: Tips and Tricks

1. Selecting Breeding Pair

When breeding blue-eyed crested dragons, it is crucial to have a healthy and genetically diverse breeding pair. Choose dragons that show strong physical characteristics, vibrant colors, and good overall health. Additionally, ensure that the dragons come from separate bloodlines to prevent genetic issues.

2. Creating the Ideal Habitat

Before breeding, it is essential to provide the breeding pair with an ideal habitat. The enclosure should be spacious enough to accommodate both dragons comfortably. Ensure that the temperature, humidity, and lighting conditions are appropriate for their species. Providing plenty of hiding spots, branches, and foliage will also help create a suitable breeding environment.

3. Temperature and Lighting

Proper temperature and lighting are crucial for breeding success. Maintain a temperature gradient within the enclosure, with one side being warmer (around 80-85°F) and the other cooler (around 70-75°F). Use a full-spectrum UVB light to provide the necessary UV radiation for the dragons’ overall health and breeding behavior.

4. Introduce the Breeding Pair

When introducing the breeding pair, monitor their behavior closely. Sometimes, the dragons may not get along initially. If this occurs, it may be necessary to separate them temporarily and reintroduce them later. Once they show signs of compatibility, such as peaceful interactions and courtship behaviors, you can house them together for breeding.

5. Courtship and Mating

5. Courtship and Mating

6. Egg Laying and Incubation

After successful mating, the female dragon will lay eggs within 4-6 weeks. Provide a suitable nesting box filled with a moist substrate to facilitate egg deposition. Once the eggs are laid, carefully transfer them to an incubator set at a specific temperature and humidity level for optimal development. Monitor the eggs closely during the incubation period.

7. Hatching and Care of Hatchlings

After an incubation period of around 60-80 days, the eggs will start hatching. It is crucial to maintain proper temperature and humidity levels during this time. Once the hatchlings emerge, move them to separate enclosures and provide them with appropriate food and care. Monitor their health and growth closely, ensuring they receive proper nutrition and environmental conditions.

8. Record Keeping

Throughout the breeding process, it is essential to maintain detailed records of each dragon’s lineage, breeding dates, egg-laying dates, and other pertinent information. This information will be valuable for future breeding projects and maintaining genetic diversity.

Breeding blue-eyed crested dragons can be a rewarding and exciting experience for reptile enthusiasts. With proper preparation, attention to detail, and adherence to ethical breeding practices, you can contribute to the conservation of this unique reptile species and create a thriving population of these stunning dragons. Remember to consult with experienced breeders and professionals for additional guidance and support.