Full Grown Carpet Python: Size, Lifespan, and Care Guide

Full grown carpet python

The python, known for its mesmerizing patterns and gentle nature, is a popular choice among reptile enthusiasts. Among the various species of pythons, the full grown carpet python stands out for its size, lifespan, and care requirements.

The adult carpet python can reach an impressive length of 6 to 9 feet, making it one of the larger python species. Its name “carpet” comes from its attractive pattern resembling a woven carpet. This unique pattern varies from individual to individual, giving each snake its own distinctive appearance.

The lifespan of a carpet python is another intriguing aspect. With proper care, these reptiles can live for up to 20 years or more in captivity. This means that owning a carpet python is a long-term commitment, requiring dedication and responsibility.

Proper care for a full grown carpet python involves creating a suitable enclosure. The enclosure should be spacious enough for the snake to stretch out comfortably. Providing hiding spots, branches, and a water dish is also essential to mimic their natural habitat. As with any reptile, maintaining the correct temperature and humidity levels is crucial for their well-being.

Size of Full Grown Carpet Pythons

A full grown carpet python can reach an impressive size, making them one of the larger snake species in the world. On average, adult carpet pythons can grow to be between 6 to 9 feet in length, although some individuals may even reach lengths of up to 10 feet or more.

Lifespan of Full Grown Carpet Pythons

The lifespan of a full grown carpet python can vary depending on various factors such as genetics, diet, environment, and overall husbandry practices. However, with the right care, a carpet python can live an average of 20 to 30 years in captivity.

Feeding also plays a significant role in the lifespan of a carpet python. These snakes are carnivores and primarily feed on small mammals such as rats, mice, and even birds. It is essential to provide a varied diet and ensure that the prey items are appropriate in size for the snake.

Regular veterinary check-ups are recommended to monitor the health of your carpet python. Common health issues that can affect these snakes include respiratory infections, digestive problems, and parasites. If any signs of illness or abnormal behavior are observed, it is crucial to seek veterinary attention promptly.

Housing and Cage Requirements for Full Grown Carpet Pythons

The Size of the Enclosure

As full grown carpet pythons can reach lengths of 6 to 8 feet, their enclosure should be spacious enough to accommodate their size. A minimum enclosure size for a full grown carpet python should be around 4 feet in length, 2 feet in width, and 2 feet in height. However, it is always better to provide a larger enclosure if possible to allow for more freedom of movement.

The Type of Enclosure

The Setup of the Enclosure

Inside the enclosure, provide a few hiding spots for the carpet python to feel secure. These can be in the form of caves, branches, or artificial plants. It is also important to include a large water bowl for the snake to soak and drink from. The enclosure should have a substrate that can retain humidity, such as cypress mulch or coconut fiber, to provide a suitable environment for the snake.

The Temperature and Lighting

Carpet pythons are ectothermic, meaning that they rely on external sources of heat to regulate their body temperature. To provide a gradient of temperatures, install a heat source, such as an under-tank heater or heat lamp, at one end of the enclosure. The temperature should range from 78 to 88°F on the warm side, and 72 to 78°F on the cool side. It is also recommended to install a full spectrum UVB light to provide the snake with the necessary vitamin D3.

Temperature and Humidity Needs for Full Grown Carpet Pythons


The temperature in the enclosure should be carefully maintained to provide a thermally gradient environment for the snake. The warm side of the enclosure should have a temperature range of 85-90°F (29-32°C), while the cooler side should range between 75-80°F (24-27°C). This temperature gradient allows the snake to regulate its body temperature by moving between different areas of the enclosure.


Monitoring the temperature and humidity levels in the enclosure is essential. Using a hygrometer and thermometer can help snake owners ensure that the conditions are within the appropriate range. It is also important to provide a thermal gradient by using heating pads or lamps on one side of the enclosure, while leaving the other side cooler.

Temperature Humidity
Warm side: 85-90°F (29-32°C) 50-60%
Cool side: 75-80°F (24-27°C)

Providing the appropriate temperature and humidity levels for full grown carpet pythons is essential for their overall health and well-being. By creating a suitable environment, snake owners can ensure that their carpet pythons thrive and have a comfortable habitat to live in.

Feeding and Diet of Full Grown Carpet Pythons

Dietary Requirements

A full grown carpet python’s diet primarily consists of small to medium-sized mammals and birds. This can include rats, mice, guinea pigs, and even small rabbits. It is crucial to provide prey items that are properly sized for the snake to consume without any difficulties.

Feeding Method

Pre-killed or frozen-thawed prey is a safer option for both the snake and the owner. This is because the prey items have been euthanized and then frozen, eliminating any risks associated with live prey. To feed pre-killed prey, it must be thawed to room temperature before offering it to the snake. This can be done by placing the prey item in a plastic bag and soaking it in warm water until it reaches the desired temperature.

Feeding Schedule

Note: It is always important to thoroughly wash your hands after handling prey items to prevent the spread of bacteria or other potential pathogens.

Handling and Taming Full Grown Carpet Pythons

Steps for Safe Handling

When handling a full grown carpet python, follow these steps to ensure both your safety and the snake’s:

  1. Choose a quiet and secure location for handling. A small, enclosed area such as a bathroom or a snake-proof room is ideal.
  2. Wear appropriate protective gear, such as gloves, to prevent accidental bites or scratches.
  3. Approach the snake calmly and confidently. Sudden movements or loud noises may startle the snake.
  4. Support the snake’s body and be mindful of its weight. Use both hands to lift and hold the snake, ensuring that it feels secure and stable.
  5. Never handle a snake that is shedding or showing signs of illness. Wait until the snake has completed its shed or has fully recovered before attempting to handle it.
  6. Be attentive to the snake’s behavior during handling. If it becomes stressed or agitated, gently return it to its enclosure and try again later.

Taming a Carpet Python

Taming a full grown carpet python involves building trust and forming a bond with the snake over time. This can be done through regular and consistent handling, as well as positive reinforcement.

Start by offering the snake food using long feeding tongs. This will help the snake associate your presence with a positive experience. Gradually introduce your hand during feeding sessions, allowing the snake to become accustomed to your touch.


Handling and taming a full grown carpet python requires patience, consistency, and respect for the snake’s natural behavior. By following the steps outlined above and taking the time to build trust with the snake, you can develop a rewarding and enjoyable relationship with your carpet python.

Common Health Issues and Diseases for Full Grown Carpet Pythons

Respiratory Infections

One of the most common health issues in carpet pythons is respiratory infections. These infections can be caused by a variety of factors, including improper temperature and humidity levels in the snake’s enclosure. If a respiratory infection is left untreated, it can lead to serious complications and even death.


Some signs that your carpet python may have parasites include weight loss, slow growth, irritability, and the presence of visible parasites on the snake’s skin. If you notice any of these signs, consult with a reptile veterinarian who can recommend the appropriate treatment options.

Scale Rot

Scale rot is a common condition that can occur in full grown carpet pythons if their enclosures are not kept clean and dry. It is characterized by the development of red, inflamed, and swollen scales, which can eventually lead to skin infections if not treated promptly.

Mouth Rot

Mouth rot, or infectious stomatitis, is a bacterial infection that can affect the mouth and gums of full grown carpet pythons. It is typically caused by poor husbandry practices, such as unsanitary living conditions or a diet lacking in proper nutrition.

If your snake has mouth rot, you may notice swollen or inflamed gums, excessive drooling, and difficulty eating. Immediate veterinary care is necessary to treat this condition, as it can cause severe pain and lead to systemic infection if left untreated.

Choosing a Vet for Your Full Grown Carpet Python

Here are some important factors to consider when choosing a vet for your full grown carpet python:

Experience and Expertise Look for a vet who has experience working with reptiles and a specific interest in pythons. They should be knowledgeable about the unique needs and health issues that can arise in carpet pythons.
Recommendations Ask other snake owners or reptile enthusiasts for recommendations. Their personal experiences can give you valuable insights into different veterinarians in your area.
Facilities and Equipment
Communication and Trust

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for maintaining the health and wellness of your full grown carpet python. By choosing a vet who specializes in reptile care and has experience with pythons, you can ensure that your pet receives the best possible care throughout its life.

Breeding Carpet Pythons

Full grown carpet pythons are often sought after by reptile enthusiasts and breeders due to their impressive size and beautiful patterns. If you are interested in breeding these magnificent creatures, there are several important factors to consider to ensure a successful breeding process.

1. Age and Size: Before attempting to breed carpet pythons, it is crucial to wait until they have reached full maturity. This typically occurs when the snakes are around three to four years old and have reached a length of six to eight feet. Breeding them before they are fully grown can lead to health issues for both the male and female pythons, as well as unsuccessful breeding attempts.

3. Preparing the Enclosure: Create a suitable breeding enclosure for the pair by providing ample space and hiding spots. It is crucial to ensure that the enclosure has proper heating and lighting to mimic natural environmental conditions.

4. Temperature and Humidity: Maintain a temperature gradient within the enclosure, with a warm end around 86-90°F (30-32°C) and a cooler end around 77-82°F (25-28°C). Additionally, provide a humidity level of around 60-70%, which can be achieved by misting the enclosure regularly.

5. Introduction and Courtship: Once the male and female carpet pythons are deemed healthy and ready for breeding, introduce them to the breeding enclosure. Allow them to explore and interact with each other naturally. The male may display courtship behaviors such as vibrating its tail or rubbing its body against the female.

7. Egg Laying and Incubation: After successful copulation, the female carpet python will go through a gestation period of approximately 50-60 days. She will then lay a clutch of eggs, usually numbering between 15 to 30 eggs, depending on the size and health of the female python.

8. Incubation: The eggs should be carefully removed from the female’s enclosure and placed in a suitable incubator set to a temperature of around 88-90°F (31-32°C) and a humidity level of approximately 90%. The eggs will typically hatch after an incubation period of 60-70 days.

9. Caring for Hatchlings: Once the carpet python hatchlings emerge from their eggs, they should be housed separately in small enclosures with proper heating and lighting. Provide them with appropriate-sized prey items and monitor their growth and development closely.

Enclosure Setup for Breeding:

Firstly, make sure to have a spacious and secure enclosure that can accommodate both the male and female carpet pythons comfortably. The enclosure should be large enough to allow the snakes to move around freely and engage in their natural behaviors during mating.

It is recommended to use a larger enclosure size of at least 6 feet in length, as this gives the snakes enough space to establish territories and promote a healthy breeding environment. Providing multiple hiding spots or areas with different temperatures within the enclosure is also important, as it allows the snakes to choose their preferred spot for breeding.

In terms of humidity, aim for a range of 50-60%, which can be achieved by misting the enclosure with water daily. Having a humidity gauge in the enclosure can help you monitor and maintain the ideal humidity levels.

Additionally, providing a variety of enrichment items such as branches, rocks, and foliage can help create a more natural and stimulating environment for the snakes. These items can serve as climbing structures, hiding places, and even potential breeding sites for the snakes.

Lastly, regular cleaning and maintenance of the enclosure are essential for a healthy breeding environment. Removing any waste or uneaten food promptly, as well as cleaning and disinfecting the enclosure regularly, can prevent the buildup of bacteria and minimize the risk of diseases.

Overall, creating an appropriate enclosure setup for breeding full-grown carpet pythons involves providing a spacious, secure, and well-maintained environment with the right temperature, humidity, and enrichment items. By meeting these conditions, you can increase the chances of successful breeding and the production of healthy carpet python offspring.

Incubation and Hatching Process


Laying the Eggs

Female carpet pythons typically lay a clutch of 10-30 eggs, depending on their size and health. The eggs are usually laid within a few weeks after mating. The female will coil around her clutch to protect them and maintain the optimal temperature for incubation.


The carpet python eggs need to be carefully incubated at a temperature between 87-89°F (31-32°C) to ensure proper development. This can be achieved using an incubator specifically designed for reptile eggs. The humidity levels should be maintained around 85-90% to prevent desiccation of the eggs.



The hatching process can be an exciting and rewarding experience for reptile enthusiasts. Caring for the newborn carpet pythons requires attention to detail and a commitment to providing them with the proper care and environment for their growth and development. With the right knowledge and preparation, successful breeding and raising of carpet python hatchlings is within reach.

Caring for Carpet Python Hatchlings

Caring for carpet python hatchlings is an important aspect of keeping these amazing reptiles as pets. Proper care and attention are crucial for their well-being and development. Here are some essential tips on how to care for carpet python hatchlings:

  1. Housing: Provide a suitable enclosure for the hatchlings, such as a small glass terrarium or plastic tub. Make sure it has proper ventilation and secure lids to prevent escape.
  2. Temperature: Maintain a temperature gradient in the enclosure, with a warm side around 90-95°F and a cooler side around 80°F. Use thermostats and heat lamps to ensure consistent heat.
  3. Humidity: Maintain a humidity level of around 50-60% in the enclosure. Use a hygrometer to monitor humidity levels and provide a water bowl for drinking and soaking.
  4. Substrate: Choose a suitable substrate for the hatchlings, such as reptile carpet, paper towels, or newspaper. Avoid using loose substrates that can pose a risk of ingestion or impaction.
  5. Lighting: Provide a day-night cycle of 10-12 hours of light and 12-14 hours of darkness. Use a timer to maintain a consistent lighting schedule.
  6. Handling: Handle hatchlings with caution and avoid excessive handling. Allow them time to acclimate to their new environment before handling. When handling, support their body properly and avoid any sudden movements that can startle them.
  7. Health care: Regularly monitor the hatchlings for any signs of illness or health issues. Maintain a clean environment and perform routine cage cleaning. Seek veterinary care if any concerns arise.
  8. Growth and development: Monitor the growth and development of the hatchlings. Keep track of their weight and length to ensure they are growing at a healthy rate. Provide appropriate environmental conditions and nutrition to support their growth.

Remember, carpet python hatchlings require attentive care to thrive and reach their full potential. By following these guidelines and providing a suitable environment, you can enjoy the company of these fascinating reptiles for many years to come.