Pied Bearded Dragon: Exploring the Colorful Variations of this Reptile

Pied bearded dragon

The bearded dragon is a popular pet reptile that is known for its unique appearance and charming personality. Among the various color variations of this reptile, the pied bearded dragon stands out with its strikingly beautiful markings and fascinating patterns.

What makes the pied bearded dragon even more special is that its colors can change and evolve as it grows older. Younger pied dragons may have bolder and more defined patterns, while the colors of adult dragons tend to blend and mellow over time. This gives pied bearded dragons a dynamic and ever-changing appearance, making them even more captivating to reptile enthusiasts.

Physical Characteristics

Bearded dragons are medium-sized lizards, typically reaching a length of around 18-22 inches. They have a stout body, long tail, and triangular-shaped head. Their skin is covered in small scales, which can vary in color and pattern depending on the specific subspecies.

Behavior and Temperament

Natural Habitat

Bearded dragons are found in the arid, rocky regions of Australia, including deserts, woodlands, and scrublands. They are well- adapted to these harsh environments and have several special adaptations that help them survive. For example, they have specialized scales on their abdomen that allow them to absorb water from damp surfaces, reducing their reliance on external water sources.

These lizards are also excellent climbers and can often be found basking on rocks or perching on branches. In the wild, bearded dragons are opportunistic feeders and have a varied diet that includes insects, small vertebrates, and plant material.

Bearded dragons have a complex genetic makeup, with multiple genes interacting to create the wide variety of colors and patterns seen in the species. One of the main genes responsible for coloration in bearded dragons is the melanin gene, which regulates pigmentation.

The pied mutation in bearded dragons is caused by a genetic modification that results in patches of normal pigmentation interspersed with areas of reduced or absent pigmentation. This leads to a mosaic-like pattern on the dragon’s scales, with a mix of colors and patches. The pied gene can be inherited from one or both parents, resulting in different levels of pigmentation in offspring.

Breeding pied bearded dragons requires careful selection of parent dragons to ensure the desired coloration is passed down to the offspring. Breeders often create breeding pairs that both carry the pied gene to increase the chances of producing pied offspring.

In addition to the pied gene, other genetic factors can also contribute to the overall coloration and pattern of bearded dragons. These include genes for pigmentation intensity, pattern distribution, and scale color. Breeding programs and genetic research continue to uncover new information about the genetics of bearded dragons and provide insights into the development of new color morphs.

Unique Characteristics of Pied Bearded Dragons

Dragon: The pied bearded dragon is a unique and fascinating reptile that stands out from its counterparts due to its distinct coloration patterns. Unlike typical bearded dragons, which have solid coloration, pied bearded dragons display a pied or piebald pattern, characterized by patches of different colors scattered across their bodies.

Pied: The term “pied” refers to the white or light-colored patches present on the dragon’s body, which contrast with the darker coloration. These patches can vary in size, shape, and distribution, creating a truly eye-catching appearance. The pied pattern can occur in various colorations, including citrus, red, yellow, and hypo bearded dragons.

Diversity: One of the most remarkable features of pied bearded dragons is their incredible diversity. Each individual can have a unique combination of colors, making them highly sought after by reptile enthusiasts and collectors. No two pied bearded dragons are exactly alike, which adds to their allure and desirability among hobbyists.

Visual Appeal: The pied pattern in bearded dragons creates an aesthetically pleasing display, drawing attention and admiration. The contrasting colors and patches give these dragons a striking and visually appealing appearance, making them a popular choice for those seeking a unique and attractive reptile companion.

Breeding: Breeding pied bearded dragons can be an exciting and rewarding endeavor for reptile enthusiasts. By selectively breeding dragons with pied genetics, breeders can produce offspring with even more pronounced and intricate pied patterns. The breeding process allows for the continuation and refinement of these unique and captivating traits.

Availability: While pied bearded dragons are considered a rare variant, they can still be found in the reptile trade. However, due to their popularity and scarcity, they may come with a higher price tag compared to non-pied bearded dragons. It is essential to research and find reputable breeders or pet stores that specialize in pied bearded dragons to ensure their health and genetic integrity.

Conclusion: The pied bearded dragon is a captivating and distinct reptile with its stunning pied coloration patterns. Their unique traits, diverse color variations, and friendly temperament make them highly sought after by reptile enthusiasts. Whether you are a long-time reptile keeper or a first-time owner, the pied bearded dragon is a fascinating addition to any collection.

Color Variations in Pied Bearded Dragons

The color variations in pied bearded dragons are a result of their genetic makeup. These dragons have a specific gene mutation that affects the distribution of pigmentation in their scales, resulting in striking patterns and color combinations. Some pied dragons may have patches of solid color, while others may have intricate patterns that resemble a mosaic.

One of the most common color variations in pied bearded dragons is the presence of white or off-white patches on their bodies. These patches can range in size and shape, and are often contrasted by darker colors such as black, brown, or orange. The combination of these contrasting colors creates a stunning visual effect that is sure to catch the eye.

In addition to the white patches, pied bearded dragons can also display a variety of other colors. Some dragons may have patches of yellow, red, or even blue, creating a kaleidoscope of colors on their bodies. These color variations can be found on their scales, as well as on their heads, tails, and limbs.

Color Variations Features
White patches with black/brown/orange Common color variation with contrasting colors
Patches of yellow, red, or blue Additional colors that can create a vibrant appearance
Unique patterns and combinations No two pied bearded dragons have the same colors and patterns
Colors can change with age Hatchlings may have more subdued colors that become more vibrant over time

The Role of Pigmentation in Bearded Dragons

One of the most fascinating aspects of bearded dragons is their diverse range of colors and pigmentation. Pigmentation plays a crucial role in the appearance and survival of these unique reptiles.

The pigmentation of a bearded dragon’s scales is determined by the presence and distribution of melanin, a pigment responsible for the coloration of hair, skin, and scales in animals. Melanin comes in two forms: eumelanin, which produces black, brown, and grey colors, and pheomelanin, which produces red and yellow colors.

Bearded dragons display a wide variety of pigmentation patterns, ranging from solid colors to intricate patterns and even iridescent scales. These patterns and colors serve several purposes in a bearded dragon’s life.

Camouflage: The pigmentation patterns of bearded dragons help them blend seamlessly into their natural habitat. This camouflage allows them to hide from predators and remain undetected while hunting for prey.

Thermoregulation: The coloration of a bearded dragon’s scales also helps regulate their body temperature. Dark-colored scales absorb more heat than lighter-colored scales, allowing the dragon to warm up quickly. Light-colored scales reflect heat and keep the dragon cool in hot environments.

Social Signaling: The pigmentation of a bearded dragon’s beard plays a crucial role in social interactions. When a bearded dragon is calm or relaxed, its beard is typically a pale color. However, when provoked or threatened, the dragon can darken its beard, making it appear larger and more dominant.

Individual Variation: Each bearded dragon has a unique pigmentation pattern that distinguishes it from others. This individual variation helps with identification and recognition within a group or population.

The Genetics of Bearded Dragons

Basic Genetics

Color Inheritance

The color variations seen in bearded dragons, including pied bearded dragons, are primarily controlled by two pigments: melanin and carotenoids. Melanin is responsible for producing black, brown, and gray colors, while carotenoids produce various shades of red, orange, and yellow. The combination and distribution of these pigments result in the unique colors seen in different bearded dragon morphs.

Pied Bearded Dragon Genetics

The pied trait in bearded dragons is caused by a combination of recessive genes that affect the distribution of pigmentation. When two bearded dragons with the pied gene are bred together, they can produce offspring with unique piebald or irregular patterns. The presence of the pied gene affects the distribution of melanin and carotenoids, resulting in patches of colorless scales or reduced pigmentation in the skin of the bearded dragon.

The pied trait in bearded dragons can be a result of various genetic combinations. For example, a bearded dragon can have one parent with the pied gene and display a pied pattern, even if the other parent does not have the pied gene. This is because the pied gene can be inherited in a recessive manner and manifest in the presence of just one copy of the gene.

Breeding Strategies

Breeders of pied bearded dragons often use selective breeding techniques to produce offspring with desired patterns and colorations. By selectively pairing bearded dragons with pied traits, breeders can increase the likelihood of producing pied offspring. However, since the genetics of bearded dragons are complex, breeders must carefully consider which individuals to breed to achieve the desired results.

Caring for Pied Bearded Dragons: Diet and Nutrition

Proper diet and nutrition are essential for the overall health and well-being of pied bearded dragons. As omnivorous reptiles, these dragons require a combination of plant-based and animal-based foods to meet their nutritional needs.

1. Feeding Schedule:

It is best to establish a regular feeding schedule for your pied bearded dragon. Offer food once or twice a day, depending on their age and size. Younger dragons may require more frequent feedings.

2. Plant-Based Foods:

Include a variety of leafy greens and vegetables in their diet. Offer foods like collard greens, kale, dandelion greens, and mustard greens. These leafy greens provide essential vitamins and minerals.

3. Animal-Based Foods:

Provide a variety of insects and small prey items such as crickets, mealworms, roaches, and superworms. These animal-based foods are a crucial source of protein for pied bearded dragons.

4. Gut Loading and Dusting:

Before feeding insects to your dragon, ensure they are well-nourished. Gut load the insects by feeding them nutritious foods, such as fruits and vegetables. Dust the insects with calcium and vitamin supplements to ensure proper nutrition for your dragon.

5. Calcium and Vitamin D3:

Pied bearded dragons require calcium and vitamin D3 for strong bones and proper growth. Dust their food with a calcium supplement that contains vitamin D3, or provide them with access to UVB lighting to aid in vitamin D3 synthesis.

6. Water:

Always provide a shallow dish of clean, fresh water for your bearded dragon. They may drink from it or use it to soak and hydrate their skin. Ensure the water is changed regularly to prevent bacterial growth.

7. Monitoring:

It is essential to monitor the weight and overall health of your pied bearded dragon. Regularly consult with a reptile veterinarian to ensure their diet is meeting their specific nutritional requirements.


Caring for pied bearded dragons involves providing a balanced diet that includes a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods. By ensuring they receive proper nutrition, you can help them thrive and maintain optimal health.

Caring for Pied Bearded Dragons: Habitat and Environment

Proper care and maintenance of the habitat and environment are crucial for the health and well-being of pied bearded dragons. Creating a suitable habitat that mimics their natural environment is essential for their overall happiness and longevity.

  • Substrate: The substrate should be chosen carefully to prevent impaction and provide a comfortable surface for the dragon. Options such as reptile carpet, paper towels, or non-adhesive shelf liner are preferred over loose substrates like sand or gravel.
  • Temperature and Lighting: Bearded dragons require a basking spot with a temperature of 95-105°F (35-40°C) during the day and a cooler side of the enclosure with a temperature of 75-85°F (24-29°C) to regulate their body temperature. UVB lighting is crucial for their proper calcium absorption and overall health.
  • Humidity: Bearded dragons require a low humidity level ranging from 30-40%. This can be achieved by providing proper ventilation and avoiding excessive moisture in the enclosure.
  • Diet and Water: Offering a balanced diet consisting of vegetables, fruits, and insects is essential for the overall health and nutrition of pied bearded dragons. Fresh, clean water should always be available in a shallow dish that is easily accessible to the dragon.
  • Cleaning and Maintenance: Regular cleaning and maintenance of the enclosure is necessary to prevent the buildup of bacteria and ensure a hygienic environment. This includes removing waste, cleaning the substrate, and sanitizing any decor or accessories.
  • Monitoring Health: Regularly monitoring the bearded dragon’s health is crucial for early detection of any potential issues. Keeping a record of their eating habits, shedding patterns, and behavior can help in identifying any changes or abnormalities.

10. Common Health Issues in Pied Bearded Dragons

Pied bearded dragons are generally hardy reptiles, but they can still experience health issues that owners should be aware of. Here are some common health problems that can affect pied bearded dragons:

  • Respiratory Infections: Bearded dragons can develop respiratory infections, especially if their habitat is not properly maintained or if they are exposed to low temperatures. Symptoms may include wheezing, coughing, and nasal discharge. A trip to the veterinarian is necessary for diagnosis and treatment.
  • Parasites: Internal and external parasites can affect bearded dragons, causing gastrointestinal issues, skin problems, and other health concerns. Regular fecal exams and preventive treatments are essential to keep the parasites under control.
  • Thermal Burns: Bearded dragons require a basking spot with appropriate temperature gradients. If the temperature is too high or if they are exposed to a heat source directly, they can suffer from thermal burns. Providing a thermally-adequate habitat is crucial to avoid this issue.

Regular monitoring of your pied bearded dragon’s health is essential in preventing and treating any potential issues. If you notice any abnormal behaviors or symptoms, it is recommended to consult a reptile veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Proper Handling and Socialization of Pied Bearded Dragons

Handling and socialization are important aspects of caring for a pied bearded dragon. Proper interaction with these reptiles can help build trust and create a bond between the dragon and its owner. Here are some tips on how to handle and socialize your pied bearded dragon:

1. Start slow and be patient

2. Approach from the side

When picking up a pied bearded dragon, always approach from the side. This allows the dragon to see your hand and reduces the chances of startling or scaring it. Slowly place your hand under its belly and support its body, being careful not to squeeze or apply too much pressure.

3. Use gentle and slow movements

4. Allow the dragon to explore

During handling sessions, it is beneficial to allow the pied bearded dragon to explore its surroundings. Create a safe and supervised area where the dragon can crawl and roam around. This not only provides mental stimulation but also helps the dragon become more comfortable with its surroundings.

5. Avoid overhandling

While handling is important for socialization, it is crucial to avoid overhandling your pied bearded dragon. These reptiles need time to rest and recharge, and too much handling can lead to stress or anxiety. Aim for short and frequent handling sessions to prevent overwhelming the dragon.

6. Bond through interaction

Building a bond with your pied bearded dragon goes beyond just handling. Interact with the dragon by talking to it, offering treats, or playing gently. This helps establish trust and creates a positive association with human interaction.

7. Be aware of body language

Legal Considerations for Keeping Pied Bearded Dragons

It is crucial to research and understand the laws regarding bearded dragon ownership in your area. Some places may require permits or licenses to keep these reptiles, while others may have specific regulations about their breeding or sale. Make sure to familiarize yourself with any laws and regulations that apply to bearded dragons before bringing one into your home.

Furthermore, it is crucial to obtain any necessary permits or documentation required for owning a bearded dragon. This may include acquiring a veterinary health certificate, import/export permits, or special documentation for transporting the reptile across borders. Failure to comply with these legal requirements can result in penalties and consequences.

It is also important to consider the ethical aspect of owning a pied bearded dragon. Ensure that the reptile you are acquiring has been bred and obtained legally. Support responsible breeders who prioritize the welfare of their animals and follow ethical practices.

The Do’s and Don’ts of Pied Bearded Dragon Ownership


  • Provide a suitable habitat: Make sure your pied bearded dragon has a spacious enclosure with proper lighting, heating, and ventilation. Include hiding spots and climbing branches to mimic their natural environment.
  • Offer a balanced diet: Provide a varied diet consisting of gut-loaded insects, leafy greens, and occasional fruits. Dust the insects with calcium and vitamin supplements to ensure your dragon gets the necessary nutrients.
  • Handle with care: When handling your pied bearded dragon, approach them gently and support their body properly. Avoid sudden movements that may startle or stress them.
  • Keep their enclosure clean: Regularly clean and disinfect the enclosure to prevent the build-up of bacteria and parasites. Replace substrate as needed to maintain a clean and hygienic environment.
  • Provide regular veterinary care: Schedule regular check-ups with a reptile veterinarian to ensure your pied bearded dragon’s health. They can also provide guidance on diet, habitat, and any potential health issues.


  • Don’t overfeed: Avoid overfeeding your pied bearded dragon as obesity can lead to numerous health problems. Follow a feeding schedule and monitor their weight to ensure they stay within a healthy range.
  • Don’t expose them to extreme temperatures: Bearded dragons are ectothermic and rely on external heat sources to regulate their body temperature. Avoid exposing them to extreme cold or heat, as it can be detrimental to their health.
  • Don’t use inappropriate housing: Avoid using enclosures that are too small or lack proper ventilation. Inadequate housing can lead to stress, respiratory problems, and other health issues.
  • Don’t neglect socialization: Bearded dragons are social creatures, and regular interaction with their owners can help keep them mentally stimulated and happy. Spend quality time with your pied bearded dragon, but also allow them time for rest and privacy.
  • Don’t ignore signs of illness: Be vigilant and monitor your pied bearded dragon for any signs of illness, such as changes in appetite, lethargy, or abnormal behavior. If you notice any concerning symptoms, seek veterinary attention promptly.

By following these do’s and don’ts of pied bearded dragon ownership, you can provide a safe and enriching environment for your pet. Remember, responsible ownership is key to ensuring the well-being of these unique and fascinating reptiles.

Fun Facts about Pied Bearded Dragons

  • The pied gene is a recessive trait, meaning that both parents must carry the gene for it to be expressed in the offspring.
  • Pied bearded dragons are highly sought after by reptile enthusiasts and breeders due to their striking appearance.
  • They are often referred to as “pieds” for short.
  • These reptiles have a calm and docile temperament, making them great pets for reptile lovers of all ages.
  • Pied bearded dragons require specific care and environmental conditions to thrive, including a well-maintained enclosure with proper lighting and heating.
  • They are omnivorous, meaning they eat both insects and vegetation, with a diet consisting of crickets, dubia roaches, leafy greens, and fruits.
  • These dragons have a unique defense mechanism where they puff up their throat and beard, making themselves appear larger and more intimidating to potential predators.
  • Pied bearded dragons are native to Australia and are found in arid and semi-arid regions.
  • They are able to change their color slightly based on their mood and environmental conditions, which can range from dark and vibrant to light and pastel-like.
  • These reptiles have a relatively long lifespan, with some individuals living up to 10 years or more with proper care.
  • Pied bearded dragons are social creatures and enjoy the company of their human caretakers, often displaying curiosity and affection towards them.
  • They are excellent climbers and can often be found basking on rocks or perched on branches in their enclosure.
  • Pied bearded dragons have a unique way of communicating through head bobbing and arm waving, which is a form of territorial and mating display.

Overall, pied bearded dragons are fascinating creatures with their stunning color variations and intriguing behaviors. Owning one of these unique reptiles can be a rewarding experience for any reptile enthusiast.

Frequently Asked Questions about Pied Bearded Dragons

Here are some of the most commonly asked questions about pied bearded dragons:

1. What is a pied bearded dragon?

A pied bearded dragon is a color variation of bearded dragons characterized by a pied or patchy pattern on their scales. This unique pattern can be a combination of different colors, such as white and another color, giving them a striking appearance.

2. Are pied bearded dragons rare?

Yes, pied bearded dragons are considered rare due to their unique coloration. However, they have been selectively bred to produce more pied offspring, making them more accessible to reptile enthusiasts.

3. How do pied bearded dragons get their coloration?

The pied coloration in bearded dragons is a result of genetic mutations that affect the pigmentation of their scales. These mutations can lead to the development of patches or spots of different colors, creating the pied pattern.

4. Are pied bearded dragons more expensive than other bearded dragon morphs?

5. Can pied bearded dragons be bred with other morphs?

Yes, pied bearded dragons can be bred with other morphs to produce offspring with a variety of colorations and patterns. Breeding pied bearded dragons with other morphs can result in interesting and beautiful combinations.

6. Do pied bearded dragons have any health issues?

Pied bearded dragons do not have any specific health issues related to their coloration. However, like all bearded dragons, they can be prone to certain health problems such as metabolic bone disease, respiratory infections, and parasites. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper care are essential to ensuring the health and well-being of pied bearded dragons.

7. Are pied bearded dragons good pets?

Yes, pied bearded dragons can make great pets for reptile enthusiasts. They are generally docile and easy to handle, and their unique coloration adds an extra visual appeal. However, potential owners should be aware of their specific care requirements and be willing to provide a suitable habitat and diet.

8. Do pied bearded dragons require any special care?

Pied bearded dragons do not require any special care beyond what is required for all bearded dragons. They need a well-maintained habitat with appropriate temperatures, UVB lighting, and a balanced diet consisting of insects and vegetables. Regular handling and socialization are also beneficial for their overall well-being.

9. How long do pied bearded dragons live?

Pied bearded dragons have an average lifespan of 8 to 12 years when provided with proper care. However, with excellent care and a healthy lifestyle, some individuals have been known to live even longer.

10. Can I find pied bearded dragons at local pet stores?

While it is possible to find pied bearded dragons at some pet stores, they are more commonly found through reputable reptile breeders or online reptile marketplaces. It is essential to ensure that the source is reputable and that the dragon is healthy before making a purchase.

11. Can pied bearded dragons change their coloration?

Pied bearded dragons can undergo minor changes in their coloration, such as intensifying or fading of certain colors. However, the pied pattern itself is generally stable and does not change significantly over time.

12. Do pied bearded dragons require any special permits to own?

In most cases, owning a pied bearded dragon does not require any special permits. However, it is essential to check the local laws and regulations regarding reptile ownership in your area to ensure compliance.

13. Can pied bearded dragons be housed together?

14. Can I breed my pied bearded dragon?

Yes, if you have a female and a male pied bearded dragon, you can breed them. However, breeding should only be done after thorough research and preparation, as it requires knowledge of genetics, proper care, and responsible ownership.

15. Where can I find more information and resources about pied bearded dragons?

There are several reputable websites, online forums, and books dedicated to reptile keeping that provide detailed information about pied bearded dragons and other reptile species. Additionally, joining local reptile clubs or attending reptile expos can also be a great way to learn more and connect with experienced reptile keepers.