All About King Baboon Tarantula: Care, Habitat, and Facts

King baboon tarantula

Like all spiders, the King Baboon Tarantula is an invertebrate, meaning it lacks a backbone. It has a unique body structure, featuring an exoskeleton that provides protection and support. This exoskeleton is made of a tough and rigid material that allows the tarantula to survive in its natural habitat, as well as protect itself from predators.

The King Baboon Tarantula earned its name due to its impressive size and appearance, resembling a baboon spider. Adult males can grow up to 8 inches in leg span, while females can reach up to 10 inches. Their bodies are covered in dense, dark brown or black hair, with vibrant patterns on their legs, making them a distinct and eye-catching species.

King Baboon Tarantula: Natural Habitat and Distribution

The King Baboon Tarantula is an arachnid belonging to the class of invertebrates. It is a large and impressive spider that is native to the rainforests of Central and East Africa. This carnivorous creature is known for its striking appearance and unique behaviors.

Native Habitat

The King Baboon Tarantula primarily inhabits the tropical rainforests of Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. These dense and humid forests provide the perfect environment for the tarantula to thrive. They prefer to make their homes in burrows or underground tunnels, which they create by digging and lining the walls with silk. These burrows offer protection from predators and maintain a stable temperature and humidity level for the tarantulas.


The King Baboon Tarantula has a limited distribution due to its specific habitat requirements. It can be found in the eastern part of Africa, mainly in the regions of Usambara Mountains, Mount Meru, and Ngorongoro Crater. These regions provide the necessary conditions of moist soil, warm temperatures, and abundant food sources for the tarantulas.

However, due to its popularity in the pet trade, the King Baboon Tarantula can also be found in captivity worldwide. Many tarantula enthusiasts keep them as pets, providing them with suitable enclosures and care.

Keeping King Baboon Tarantula as a Pet: Housing and Enclosure

The enclosure should be at least three times the tarantula’s leg span in width, providing ample space for it to move around comfortably. The substrate should consist of a mixture of peat moss and vermiculite, which helps maintain humidity levels within the enclosure. It should be deep enough to allow the tarantula to burrow if it wishes to do so, as this behavior is common in the wild.

Temperature and Humidity

King Baboon Tarantulas thrive in temperatures ranging from 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (24 to 29 degrees Celsius). A heat mat or heat lamp can be used to achieve these temperatures, ensuring that a thermal gradient is created within the enclosure. This allows the spider to choose its preferred temperature zone.

Decor and Enrichment

It is also advisable to include a shallow water dish that is accessible to the tarantula. This not only provides a source of drinking water but also helps maintain humidity levels. Make sure the dish is securely placed to prevent accidental tipping.

Lastly, ensure proper ventilation within the enclosure to prevent stagnant air and the buildup of harmful gases. This can be achieved by providing small air holes on the sides or top of the tank, while still maintaining the necessary humidity levels.

All About King Baboon Tarantula: Feeding and Diet

Being a tarantula, the king baboon tarantula possesses venomous fangs that it uses to immobilize its prey. It typically preys on small insects, such as crickets, cockroaches, and grasshoppers. It may also consume larger prey, including small mammals and reptiles.

King Baboon Tarantula: Handling and Temperament

The King Baboon Tarantula is a fascinating invertebrate that belongs to the family of arachnids. It is known for its size, impressive appearance, and venomous nature. This species of tarantula has an exoskeleton, which means it has a hard outer shell that provides protection and support. As a carnivorous creature, the King Baboon Tarantula feeds on small insects and sometimes even small vertebrates.

The temperament of the King Baboon Tarantula can vary from individual to individual. Some may be more docile and less prone to aggression, while others may display defensive behaviors when threatened. When approaching the King Baboon Tarantula, it is crucial to be calm and avoid sudden movements or loud noises, as this can startle the spider and lead to defensive reactions.

Common Health Issues in King Baboon Tarantulas: Prevention and Treatment

One of the potential health issues in king baboon tarantulas is dehydration. These spiders are native to dry habitats, and they can lose moisture quickly if proper humidity levels are not maintained. To prevent dehydration, it is crucial to provide a suitable habitat with a humidity level of around 60-70%. This can be achieved by misting the enclosure regularly and offering a shallow water dish for the spider to drink from.

Another health concern in king baboon tarantulas is injury or damage to their exoskeleton. These spiders have a hard exoskeleton that protects their internal organs, but it can still crack or break if the spider falls or is dropped. To prevent such injuries, it is vital to handle the spider with extreme care and avoid dropping or mishandling it. If an injury does occur, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian who specializes in exotic animals for proper diagnosis and treatment.

In addition, king baboon tarantulas can also experience digestive problems. These spiders are carnivorous, and their diet mainly consists of insects. However, if they are fed inappropriate prey or if their diet lacks variety, they may develop digestive issues such as constipation or malnutrition. To prevent such problems, it is crucial to provide a diverse diet consisting of appropriate prey items like crickets, roaches, and other small insects.

In summary

  • Dehydration can be prevented by maintaining proper humidity levels in the spider’s habitat.
  • To prevent injuries, handle the spider with care and avoid dropping or mishandling it.
  • Regularly inspect the spider for parasites and consult a veterinarian if infestation is found.
  • Provide a diverse diet to prevent digestive problems.
  • Handle king baboon tarantulas with caution due to their venomous nature.

Interesting Facts about King Baboon Tarantulas

Here are some interesting facts about the King Baboon Tarantula:

1. Size and Appearance

The King Baboon Tarantula is one of the largest tarantula species, with a leg span that can reach up to 8 inches (20 centimeters) in males and 10 inches (25 centimeters) in females. It has a robust body covered in dense black hairs, with distinctive orange or reddish-brown markings on its abdomen. Its fangs are large and powerful, allowing it to capture and consume its prey.

2. Feeding Habits

As a carnivorous arachnid, the King Baboon Tarantula primarily feeds on insects and other small invertebrates. It is an ambush predator, patiently waiting in its burrow for unsuspecting prey to come within striking distance. Once captured, the tarantula uses its venom to incapacitate and liquefy its meal, making it easier to consume.

3. Defensive Behavior

When threatened, the King Baboon Tarantula has a unique defense mechanism. It raises its front legs and displays its fangs, warning potential predators of its venomous capabilities. If provoked further, it may resort to biting or flicking urticating hairs from its abdomen, which can cause irritation and discomfort.

4. Lifespan

The King Baboon Tarantula has a relatively long lifespan compared to other tarantula species. Males typically live around 10 years, while females can live up to 20 years or more in captivity. However, in the wild, their lifespan may be shorter due to predation, habitat loss, and other environmental factors.

5. Unique Burrowing Behavior

6. Popularity as Pets

The King Baboon Tarantula is a popular choice among tarantula enthusiasts due to its striking appearance and relatively calm temperament. However, potential owners should exercise caution when handling this venomous spider and should only do so if they have experience and knowledge in tarantula care.

Common Name Scientific Name Family
King Baboon Tarantula Pelinobius muticus Theraphosidae